[NOTE: This is a retouched combination picture that … Then he said it: "Urine trouble now! Allow the remainder to cool, where it consists of a black spongy upper part and a salty lower part. Yellow Is the New Green: Is Pee-Cycling Greener Than a Composting Toilet? Playing next. The discovery of phosphorus was made when an alchemist, Hennig Brand, tried to make gold from urine. Terribly rare and precious elements were popular, but so were human fluids. Cut out and save all the striking strips. Brand mourned for a time, and then went in search of another financially secure wife. The phosphate urine test measures the amount of phosphate in a sample of urine collected over 24 hours (24-hour urine test). If you did, you'd be following in the footsteps of the least dignified scientist ever. For example, it's a component of fireworks, flares and matches; it's used to dope silicon; and it's a plant fertilizer. Lloyd Alter is Design Editor for Treehugger and teaches Sustainable Design at Ryerson University in Toronto. Mix the oil back into the black upper part. Browse more videos. 5 years ago | 154 views. Grab that oil! You can obtain it by boiling urine with carbon or by reacting bone-ash with sulfuric acid and carbon. How do you get phosphorus from urine? He returned with 4 - 1 gallon plastic containers and told me I was to use them for a week and return however many were used at the end of the week. His first step was marrying well; he was an officer in the army, but his wife had enough money for him to leave. Brand (also known as Dr. Teutonicus) evaporated urine and so produced ammonium sodium hydrogenphosphate (microcosmic salt), which on heating produces sodium phosphite. About 1500 gallons of urine went into his experiment, but it paid off. When I visited my family doctor, he said I'd have to submit urine for testing and stepped out of the room. Put the … It exists in two major forms – white phosphorus and red phosphorus. This is thanks to the phosphates in urine. Discard the salt, mix the red oil back into the black material. ". Don't Think Hygge Thoughts, They Are Evil and Unhealthy. It can only safely be kept under water. He wanted to come up with the philosopher's stone, which turned everyday elements into gold. This cools to form solid phosphorus. Brand capitalized on that — probably to his wife's great relief. Once you have white phosphorus, you can make red phosphorus by adding just a -trace- of iodine to the water under which the white phosphorus must be kept, and putting the jar out in the sunlight. Best thing is to go buy it. How to make Red Phosphorus Dan Lutes. 21 Natural Home Remedies for Cats and Dogs, 10 Awesome and Cheap DIY Projects for Geeks, The Future We Want: The Year in Elon Musk, Tired of Winter? However, at ordinary temperatures the conversion of the white allo… How to make Red Phosphorus. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. Extracting Red Phosphorus from Matchbooks: Rip off matchbook covers. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. It’s estimated that Brand used 5,500 liters (about 1500 gallons) of urine to produce just 120 grams of phosphorus, or nearly 46 … Line up as many matchbook covers as you can cut through with tin snips or good, sharp scissors. A multivalent nonmetal of the nitrogen group, phosphorus is commonly found in inorganic phosphate rocks.. Due to its high reactivity, phosphorus is never found as a free element in nature. The oil will come back out, followed by phosphorus fumes. Here is a weekend project for Sami, TreeHugger's champion peecycler: make phosphorus from your own urine! Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. The most pronounced phosphaturia in so-called phosphate diabetes. He wants to make it from some other phosphorus compound, which is much harder. History and Design of the Bathroom Part 7: Putting a Price on Poop and Pee, 13 Natural Solutions for Killing and Deterring Ants, 8 Natural & Homemade Insecticides: Save Your Garden Without Killing the Earth. During this week, get … Oh, and keep it under water or it will spontaneously ignite. Heat that mixture strongly for 16 hours. At the time, the only solid test for people not expressing obvious symptoms like my sister was looking for the presence of excess porphyrins in the urine. All the right elements that are necessary in large quantities for plant growth. Urine is an excellent source of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and trace elements. Heat until a red oil distills up from it, and draw that off. o 4 Keep it in a room away from people. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. He did, however, come up with something he called "cold fire." Phosphorus is a chemical element with the symbol P and atomic number 15. Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. Of course, it will take a long time to convert. White phosphorus can be converted to red phosphorus, as they, plus the black form, are all allotropes of phosphorus. Let the rest cool. Fertilizer, which is a soluble phosphate, is produced by treating phosphate rock with sulphuric acid. Oh, and you'd need about 1500 gallons of urine. He sold the secret to anyone who would pay enough, including Wilhelm Leibniz, the inventor of calculus. Under high heat, the oxygen in the phosphate reacts with carbon making carbon monoxide. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. The buyers sold the secret to others, but it remained valuable and well-kept until 1737, when someone sold it to the Academy of Science in Paris and it was published. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. In this video I demonstrate how to produce white phosphorus from household materials. Boil the urine until it’s a “syrup.” Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. First white fumes come off, then an oil, then phosphorus. IO9 describes the process: You then mix the urine with the tasty powder and heat it in a retort like that kid in the chemistry set has. How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Humans were alchemical factories, turning ordinary substances like meat and grain into all kinds of things. Are Flush Toilets Appropriate in Third World Countries? Surprisingly, he got one. Struvite produced from urine can be applied to fields just like any other fertiliser. She didn't have enough money overall — at least not according to Brand — and so he used what money she had to try to make more money. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." The easiest thing to be got from the body was urine, and Brand, somehow, acquired a lot of it. Sadly, his chosen path for this increase in wealth was alchemy. Let the rest cool. It glowed, perpetually, in the dark. How do you get phosphorus from urine? The former is a waxy, yellowish-white, very inflammable, and poisonous solid. o 3 Pour the urine/charcoal dust and cinnamon mixture into a glass retort with a glass tube leading into a second beaker filled with plain water. It’s something that most people wouldn’t even think of trying to do, but back in the mid seventeenth century peoples general knowledge of chemistry was not as advanced as it is today. Follow. How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Phosphorus, (IPA: /ˈfɒsfərəs/, Greek: phôs meaning "light", and phoros meaning "bearer"), is the chemical element that has the symbol P and atomic number 15. Phosphorus is essential to plant growth, but there’s a looming shortage, which could leave global agriculture without the fertilizer needed to feed growing populations. The body needs phosphorus to build and repair bones and teeth, help nerves function, and make muscles contract. Collis King. you can get the ions out of solution by electrolysis like you mentioned before. Red phosphorus, a relatively stable allotrope of phosphorus, has many uses. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. At that stage, the science generally meant doing weird and dangerous things to any substance scientists could get their hands on. Some scientists think, with some tweaks to our sanitation system, human urine could be mined for the necessary phosphorus. From left to right: white phosphorus, red phosphorus, violet phosphorus & violet phosphorus. When heated with carbon (charcoal) this decomposed to produce white phosphorus and sodium pyrophosphate. It is done because both the high level and low level of phosphorus can be dangerous for our health. I concur with Wes. 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