Coral reef ecosystems cover only 1% of the ocean, but 25% of marine creatures live in them. In Southeast Asia, coral reef fisheries alone are estimated to yield US$ 2.4 billion annually while the annual net benefits from coral reef fisheries worldwide in 2010 were valued at an estimated US$ 6.8 billion. Flatworms live in crevices in the reef. Both schooling and solitary fishes are essential residents of the reef ecosystem. Coral reefs are found in tropical oceans closer to the equator, which makes It as one of the most complex ecosystem on earth. Coral can be found in tropical ocean waters around the world. Caribbean coral reefs under siege from aggressive algae Date: November 30, 2020 Source: Carnegie Institution for Science Summary: Human activity endangers coral health around the world. Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle. There are 1500 species of fish and 400 species of coral that live on the Great Barrier Reef alone. Eels eat small fishes, octopuses, shrimps, and crabs. Coral reefs are one of the most popular science ecosystems on earth, which are made up of Organisms. Other fishes found on the reefs include angelfishes, butterflyfishes, damselfishes, triggerfishes, seahorses, snappers, squirrelfishes, grunts, pufferfishes, groupers, barracudas, and scorpionfishes. Though individual corals can be quite small, they live with millions of other individuals, and over the course of hundreds of thousands of years, they build reefs that are absolutely enormous. Fish, corals, lobsters, clams, seahorses, sponges and sea turtles are only a few of the thousands of creatures that rely on reefs for their survival. Browse our extensive collection of zoological career infobooks including animal training, animal rescue and rehabilitation and zoo careers. So are we! Coral Reef Biodiversity Biodiversity is the variety of living species that can be found in a particular place—region, ecosystem, planet, etc. They appear in a variety of shapes and colors. Invasive species can create an imbalance in the biological checks and balances of a reef ecosystem. This area supports more than 7,000 species of fishes, invertebrates, plants, sea turtles, birds, and marine mammals. Animals and Plants. It’s all based on coral — small marine animals that build themselves stony skeletons, often on top of older corals. This means their habitats are limited to waters ranging from 23°N to 23°S latitude. Coral reefs: Protectors of the shoreline, mangrove forests and seagrass beds. Sea stars, sea cucumbers, and sea urchins live on the reef. The coral reef ecosystem, its ecological functions and economic value This includes around 2 million species of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, sponges, sea cucumbers and seaweeds. Many of these animals work together as a team like the coral polyps and zooxanthellae. When they die, the minerals stay behind, slowly building up into huge reefs that provide shelter for vast numbers of other sea plants and animals. Coral feeding, nutrition, gender and reproduction This ecosystem is made of the combination of soft and hard corals, crustaceans, mollusks, sea turtles, fish, snakes, and many more range of species. Websites and Articles on Coral Reef Animals: Coral Reef Education Article for Grades 6-12– National Geographic. At SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, we extend our commitment to the environment beyond our company by supporting a variety of conservation groups and programs. Avoid buying jewelry and other products made from coral, seahorses and other reef animals. | Second of all, many other species of fish and small marine animals also find shelter and build a livelihood among the coral forests. Hidden beneath the ocean waters, coral reefs teem with life. Each polyp produces calcium carbonate, which makes up their skeleton and protects corals internal bodies; similar to how our skeleton protects our organs. 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